If North Carolinians want to order alcoholic beverages for home delivery, they must generally order from in-state retailers. Those retailers must ship the beverages from within the state, and they must purchase them from in-state wholesalers.
Some exceptions apply, but for wine sales the exception applies only to wineries—the actual producers of the wine. Out-of-state wine producers can obtain a permit allowing them to ship directly to North Carolina consumers, skipping the wholesalers and retailers. The effect of these rules is that the following businesses can ship wine directly to North Carolinians: (1) wineries, whether in-state or out-of-state; and (2) retailers, but only if in the state. Out-of-state retailers cannot do so.